John Bardeen Essay Research Paper Bardeen John

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John Bardeen Essay Research Paper

Bardeen John 1908-91 American physicist; b. Madison Wis. He was known for his

studies of semiconductivity and other aspects of SOLID-STATE PHYSICS. The first

to win a Nobel Prize twice in the same field Bardeen shared the 1956 physics

prize with Walter Brattain and William Shockley for work in developing the

TRANSISTOR and the 1972 physics prize with Leon Cooper and John Schreiffer for

their theory of SUPERCONDUCTIVITY. Bardeen John (1908-1991) American physicist

born in Madison Wisconsin. Working at Bell Laboratories in New Jersey Bardeen

was a member of the team that developed the transistor. For this work he shared

the 1956 Nobel Prize in physics with American physicists William Shockley and

Walter H. Brattain. In 1972 he shared the Nobel Prize in physics with American

physicists Leon N. Cooper and John R. Schrieffer for the development of a theory

to explain superconductivity. He was the first scientist to win two Nobel Prizes

in the same category.